Because of its many spines, the forage value of Carolina horse nettle is poor for wildlife and livestock. Chemical control strategies may be warranted in fields or pastures infested with dense populations. common names Carolina Horse-nettle (CF, ITIS ) Look for Jepson Manual treatments, maps (University & Jepson Herbaria) View Calflora record for Solanum carolinense; ... For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Genevieve Walden Genevieve.Walden[AT]cdfa.ca.gov. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Horse nettle has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative, most probably first by American Indians. This member of the tomato or nightshade family (Solanaceae) is native to eastern North America but has spread to other locations. The reason for the question was, apparently a friend of this person bought some really clean hay, fed it to their horses… ... horse nettle. Rangeland, Wildlife, and Fisheries Management. Each of its mostly oval leaves has several large teeth or shallow lobes on both sides. Scott Frazier 6 years ago. Stem Texture: Prickly, Spiny, or Thorny, Leaf Shape Solanum carolinense. See Adverse Effects. The fruit is about › inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes uniformly yellow. Hay and silage containing the mature plants have been associated with poisoning and deaths. They have been used in the … The clustered flowers are pale violet to white and give rise to spherical fruit. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Grazon P+D is a restricted-use herbicide. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Horse nettle, like many plants in the nightshade family, contains solanine, a glycoalkaloid that irritates the oral and gastric mucosa and affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls various internal organs. I clip off the yellow berries when they appear and try to pull out plants, but they break off and roots remain in the ground. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression; may be fatal. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. Carolina horsenettle. Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family Solanaceae (potato family) Habitat Perennial weed of disturbed soils and unused areas along roads and field edges especially of the southern States. The fruits are benefical to wildlife. Current Medicinal UsesHorse nettle is not commonly used medicinally today. All recreational use of these herbs is dangerous. Grazon P+D (picloram + 2,4-D) in approved counties. On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. DescriptionHorse nettle, a prickly plant, has violet, star-shaped flowers in small clusters. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . The berries should be harvested when … Carolina Horse Nettle is a Herb. If you know you have this plant in your field, you may need to buy clean hay to prevent your horse from ingesting it. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders[4, 207]. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Herb: Horse Nettle Latin name: Solanum carolinense Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. Le Strange, R. A History of Herbal Plants. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau. You can also view a clickable map. We have not provided sufficient information for the safe medicinal use of any of these herbs, nor sufficient information for treatment of poisoning. Information on this website is for educational purposes only. Horse nettle berries were also once used as a topical treatment for mange in dogs. Stinging Nettle Leaf Uses “When in doubt, use nettles!” This saying is popular among herbalists and attests to the power of nettles to impart vibrancy and as an herbal … The signs may include: Anorexia; Depression; Excess salivation; Diarrhea or constipation; Trembling; Weakness; Colic. Horse nettle has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative, most probably first by American Indians. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. Plant Names (Nomenclature) American Indians used leaf tea   sore throats or to treat worms; a topical preparation of leaves was used for poison-ivy rash (Foster 1990). Can be used as a treatment for poison ivy, sore throat and more. And indeed, stinging nettle leaf uses are many and plentiful, offering a wonderful herbal resource for families. Plant database entry for Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) with 15 images, 2 comments, and 39 data details. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. Wildflowers of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge / July 9, 2019 by Todd Henson. Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. Horse nettle stands one to four feet high and is seen in the summer and fall (Newcomb 1977). Be sure to thoroughly read the herbicide label prior to application. Arco Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1977. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. It is found mostly in sandy soils in fields, open woodlands and waste places. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Notes: Thanks for the ID dferris1! Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. African Americans in the South once usedthe root and berries for seizures and menstrual problems (Le Strange 1977). Plant Search > Carolina Horse Nettle Carolina Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) About Carolina Horse Nettle. Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Solanum carolinense US Wildflower - Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato - Solanum carolinense. Using this photo This photo and associated text may not be used except with express written permission from Dean Kelch. Boca Raton, Florida, 1998:960-961. As in all noxious nightshades, the fruits of Carolina Horse-nettle contain solanine glycoalkaloids that cause severe gastrointestinal distress in humans. All recreational use of these herbs is dangerous. We have not provided sufficient information for the safe medicinal use of any of these herbs, nor sufficient information for treatment of poisoning. The star-shaped hair and seeds of this plant are readily identifiable in the gastrointestinal contents of acutely poisoned animals by microscopic techniques. Each of its mostly oval leaves has several large teeth or shallow lobes on both sides. Nettle has long been recognized for its bounty of nutrition as well as its sting. Adverse EffectsHorse nettle contains solanine, a toxic alkaloid. What Horsenettle Looks Like Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Tweet; Description: Member of nightshade family not a true nettle. Plant management is an ideal form of prevention of Carolina horsenettle poisoning. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family.It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … All the flowers in this post were found while hiking the trails of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge, located in … Its leaves are coarsely toothed or lobed. It grows 1 to 3 feet high. This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. It is thought the glycoalkaloids are responsible for the clinical signs associated with the gastrointestinal tract, and the alkaloids are associated with the signs in the central nervous system. The stamens form a yellow cone in the middle of the flower. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Toxic Plants of Texas (B-6105), Collection: Brush and Weeds, Toxics, Wild Flowers, Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. University of Tennessee research has shown that the optimum time for application of these herbicides is at the flowering stage, prior to formation of berries. Primary noxious weed Nevada. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), a poisonous member of the nightshade family, is one of the most difficult weeds to eradicate since it resists most attempts at control.Tilling the soil only makes it worse because it brings seeds to the surface where they can germinate. Download preview. The fruit is poisonous to livestock. Disclaimer Information on this website is for educational purposes only. Carolina Horse-Nettle is a pretty white flower, but its berries are poisonous to humans and livestock. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant.It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. Tweet; Description: Found amongst trees, high grass. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution It grows 1 to 3 feet high. Lewis’ Dictionary of Toxicology. Ingestion of the unripe fruit causes abdominal pain and can cause circulatory and respiratory depression (Lewis 1998). 1 Species ID Suggestions +2. Nightshades contain glycoalkaloids, which are broken down in the body to sugars and alkaloids. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy[207, 222]. Almost every animal species has been poisoned by nightshade, but S. carolinense is probably mostly responsible for cases involving cattle and horses. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Solanum species show a wide range of growing … Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense, here is a common plant that can be found in your garden but beware the tomato-like berries are poisonous. The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. Carolina horse nettle. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. Avoid including the mature plants in hay, silage or green chop. Carolina Horse Nettle. Apply 0.6 to 0.9 pound a.i./acre of Grazon P+D® as a broadcast treatment or a 1 percent solution as an individual plant treatment when plants begin to flower in the spring. The glycoalkaloids act on the digestive system to cause excessive salivation, colic and diarrhea or … Solanum carolinense. Flame weeding doesn’t kill the weed either … This plant grows across the eastern part of Texas and the entire eastern half of the United States. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. ... Solanum carolinense L. – Carolina horsenettle Subordinate Taxa. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Carolina Horse Nettle. Horse nettle is a nightshade. CAROLINA HORSE NETTLE: (Solanum carolinense). Such spines, which are also characteristic of the true nettles (Urticaceae), give Horse-nettle its name; the "horse" part indicates the plant often grows in pastures. It is a lavender to purple flower with stamens that look like a … This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. Symptoms of poisoning include fever, headache, a scratchy feeling in the throat followed by nause, vomiting, and diarrhea. On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1977. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. The comment was, how soon do you spray before you cut the hay? Carolina Horse Nettle Wildflower - Solanum carolinense. No edible properties. Lewis Publishers (an imprint of CRC Press). Horse Nettle Herbicides w/o Residuals - posted in Weed and Pest Management: Got a horse customer that relayed a story to me the other day out of concern that I use herbicides on my Timothy hay. Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Adjacent to 10 acres. Folk medicine and lore worldwide attributes the powers of protection and fertility to this incredible plant. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Habitat: 10 Acres, in overgrown area, with trees, bushes, tall grass, and natural water feature several feet away. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Nettle (stinging nettle)- Urtica Dioica. Because of the intense competition among plants and their root systems, this plant is less aggressive in prairie habitats than in disturbed sites around developed areas. Horse nettle is spreading in my flower garden. Carolina horse nettle is not a palatable plant, and consumption by animals should not be forced. Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. However, quail, prairie chickens and wild turkeys consume the mature fruit and seeds. 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