If you love this and want to develop an app, this is available as an API here. In the Gulf of Finland a temperature average of just 1°C (33.8°F) in May rises to 16°C (60.8°F) or higher approaching St Petersburg in August. Since 1720, the Baltic … Commercial fishing in the Baltic Sea has a long tradition in all surrounding countries. 14 5 10. In the late Spring and Summer, following the ice melting, sea temperatures rise rapidly. During the early Middle Ages the Baltic region was a trade empire of the Norse. Commercial fishing in the Baltic Sea is an important industry. Special Protection Areas (SPA) 3.140 … Thank you for these useful facts about the Baltic Sea! Countries that border the Baltic Sea include Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Russia, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. The ice winter 2019/2020 in the northern Baltic sea area started in November. The surface area of the Baltic Sea is 146,000 square miles, and it has an average depth of 180 feet. 82 119 3. Further development of actions to improve environmental status is of high relevance, and already agreed actions are to be implemented or continued. Some of these include the Terek sandpiper, … House Thatched Cottage. Because it connects so many disparate areas of Northern Europe, it was the economic core of the Hanseatic League, an economic alliance of the late Middle Ages. The thickness decreases farther south. The Baltic Sea borders Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Germany. The most recent case of it freezing over occurred in 1987. The Baltic sea drainage basin is roughly four times the surface area of the sea itself. Baltic Sea Properties is a Norwegian company focusing on commercial real estate in the Baltics. The sea stretches from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 10°E to 30°E longitude.A marginal sea of the Atlantic, with limited water exchange between the two water bodies, the Baltic Sea … Groynes Sea Baltic Sea. 34 41 9. It is no secret that the Baltic Sea has been utilized for many years, that is one of the reason why in this sea there are a lot of environmental problems. Well, at the same time it is a large pond, rich in a variety of animals and amazing beauty of the severe northern landscapes. The most … The Baltic Sea, a place of historic worship site for the Slavs. Baltic Sea EEZ. The largest expanse of brackish water in the world, the … The Baltic Sea has faced an overfishing problem, a lot of fish stocks are in danger. For a sea, the Baltic does not have very salty water. The ice reaches its maximum extent in February or March; typical ice thickness in the northernmost areas in the Bothnian Bay, the northern basin of the Gulf of Bothnia, is about 70 centimeters (28 inches) for landfast sea ice. Nature. Around 9.000 people were dead in that event. Baltic states, northeastern region of Europe containing the countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea. It is believed that the Baltic Sea formed approximately 10,000 years ago, following the last glaciation. Political changes and developments in environmental and maritime law caused a new convention to be signed in 1992. The Baltic Sea is a large body of water with several bays but is relatively isolated from the ocean. Baltic Sea Fish. The Strategy was approved by the European Council in 2009 following a communication from the European Commission. Baltic Sea Facts for Kids. The Baltic Sea’s salinity is much lower than that of ocean water, as a result of abundant freshwater runoff from the surrounding land, combined with the shallowness of the sea itself; runoff contributes roughly one-fortieth its total volume per year. Baltic Sea Part of the Atlantic extending past Denmark, along the n coasts of Germany and Poland, and the e coasts of the Baltic states, and separating Sweden from Russia and Finland.The sea extends n – s with an arm reaching out to the e.The n part is the Gulf of Bothnia, the e part of the Gulf of Finland. I was doing a school project about Latvia and I found this website and I was happy of how many facts there were! Four marine mammal species are resident in the Baltic Sea: the grey seal, harbour seal, ringed seal and the harbour porpoise. Other species in the Baltic Sea are bottlenose dolphin, harbor porpoise, Atlantic white-sided dolphin, and whales (mink, beluga, and beaked whales). The 1974 Convention entered into force on 3 May 1980. Dunes Sea Baltic Sea. In recent years, very small, but with increasing rates, fin whales and humpback whales migrate into Baltic sea including mother and calf pair. The Baltic Sea is connected to the ocean through the narrow and shallow Danish straits and belts. The maximum depth is 459 meters (1,506 feet) and average depth is 55 meters (180 feet) below the sea’s surface. For the first time ever, all the sources of pollution around an entire sea were made subject to a single convention, signed in 1974 by the then seven Baltic coastal states. The Baltic Sea is connected by artificial waterways to the White Sea via the White Sea Canal and to the German Bight of the North Sea via the Kiel Canal. Interesting Central Baltic Sea Facts: The Central Baltic Sea covers an area of 146,000 square miles. The Baltic sea is about 1,600 kilometer (990 miles) long and an average of 193 kilometers (120 miles) wide. A few facts about the Baltic Sea Anomaly that you must know (1) The stair-like appearance of the structure has been a surprise to the experts. The huge flow of fresh river water keeps the Baltic from getting too salty. These mobile top predators have an important role in regulating the food web, but are also sensitive to pressures in all their areas of distribution, as well as to changes in the food web. 51% of the Baltic Sea). Today, the most important commercially exploited fish species are cod, sprat and herring, with sprat and herring making up around 85 percent of total catches. The Baltic is the youngest sea on our planet, emerging from the retiring ice masses only some 10,000-15,000 years ago. The shoreline of the Central Baltic Sea covers 5,000 miles. The Amtsblatt (Ice report) describes the ice situation in the North Sea and Baltic Sea in German and English. EEZ: Baltic Sea: 4.461 km² (29% of German Baltic Sea waters) In total, approximately 45% of the German marine area (coastal waters and EEZ) is under protection (approximately 43% of the North Sea and approx. The Baltic Sea environment fact sheet presents selected parameters that reflect ecosystem components and events, or impacts and pressures from human activities, with the aim of supporting the understanding of changes in the status of the Baltic Sea. Size of Natura 2000 Sites in the German EEZ . In the eighteenth century, Russia and Prussia became the leading powers over the sea. Upon further inspection, divers and surface crew reported malfunctions in their electrical equipment whenever they came within … Mammal species in the Baltic Sea at risk for becoming extinct include the harbour porpoise, the Baltic ringed seal, the Eurasian otter, the grey seal, and the harbour seal. Nature fans wander around the land spits off the coast of Steinwarder and Graswarder, which are designated as a bird sanctuary. The water volume of the Baltic sea is about 21,700 cubic kilometers (5,200 cubic miles). Ts. During World War II, Germany reclaimed all of the southern and much of the eastern shore by occupying Poland and the Baltic states. The Baltic Sea’s water volume is about 21,700 cubic kilometers. There are endangered bird species in the Baltic Sea region. In addition to fish the sea also provides amber, especially from its southern shores within today’s borders of Poland, Russia and Lithuania. Interesting facts about Grand Canyon National Park, Interesting facts about Mount Kilimanjaro, Interesting facts about birds of prey (raptors), Interesting facts about the Northwest Territories. The average depth of the Baltic Sea is 55 meters, and the maximum extent reaches 459 meters below the sea’s surface. In summer, some even manage to bathe in this sea, however, the water … The Central Baltic Sea is protected by the Helsinki Convention on the Protection of the … Thus the tides are minimal and the surface fairly smooth in the absence of an actual storm. (Seas > Central Baltic Sea ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. Some cruises feature a trip through the Kiel … The States are majorly surrounded by the Baltic sea on the west and north, which gives the region its name. Sky Clouds Landscapes. The surface area is about 377,000 sq km (145,522 sq mi) and the volume is about 21,000 cubic km (3129 cubic mi). Part of World War I was fought in the Baltic Sea. Some of these include herring, cod, hake, stickleback, flounder, perch, pike, roach, and whitefish. Why Are They Called as the Baltic States? The Baltic Sea is a brackish inland sea, alleged to be the largest body of brackish water in the world (other possibilities include the Black Sea). After World War I, the term Baltic States, was referred to those countries which were near the Baltic sea and had gained … Several rivers, including the Oder and the Vistula, drain into the sea. They are bounded on the west and north by the Baltic Sea, on the east by Russia, on the southeast by Belarus, and on the southwest by Poland and an exclave of Russia. Baltic Sea Beach Sunset. The most common commercially fished species include herring, sprat, and cod. The Baltic Sea's salinity is much lower than that of ocean water, as a result of abundant freshwater runoff from the surrounding land, combined with the shallowness of the sea itself; runoff contributes roughly one-fortieth its total volume per year. The Baltic Sea resort town of Heiligenhafen is distinguished by its location between Hohwachter Bay and the Fehmarn Sound Bridge. 146 125 25. Stronger tidal variations … In 1945, the Baltic Sea once was a mass grave for refugees and soldiers when a torpedo hit their ship. Since the end of World War II, various nations, including the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, have disposed of chemical weapons in the Baltic Sea, raising concerns of environmental contamination. The maximum depth is 459 m (1506 ft, 251 fathoms), on the Swedish side of the center. Guided walks bring tourists close to … The sea has a surface area of 377,000 square kilometers (146,000 square miles). World War I was partly fought in the Baltic Sea. Thank you again! The biggest coastal cities of the Baltic Sea include Saint Petersburg, Stockholm, Riga, Helsinki, Gdansk, Tallinn, Kaliningrad, Szczecin, Gdynia, Kiel, and Espool. At the time of the Roman Empire, the Baltic Sea was known as the Mare Suebicum or Mare Sarmaticum. Fish play an important role in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. The shore length of the Baltic is around 8,000 kilometers (that’s the length of 16,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools next to each other). 42 43 8. Ice … There are many islands in the Baltic Sea including Gotland, Saaremaa, Oland, Lolland, Hiiumaa, Rugen, Aland main island, Bornholm, Kimitoon, Falster, Usedom, and Wolin. Baltic Sea, German Ostsee, Swedish Östersjön, Russian Baltiyskoye More, Finnish Itämeri, Polish Morze Bałtyckie, arm of the North Atlantic Ocean, extending northward from the latitude of southern Denmark almost to the Arctic Circle and separating the Scandinavian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe. (2) In the opinion of a few experts, if this structure was constructed it was done immediately after the ice age and thus, the construction should be at least 10000 years old. The Baltic Sea (German: Baltisches Meer, Baltische See, Ostsee) is unusual in many ways. During the early Middle Ages the Baltic region was a trade empire of the Norse. Baltic Sea Anomaly is one of the more bizarre deep-sea finds of the past decade. Ice reports. On the shores of the Baltic Sea in Lithuania, Russia, and Poland, amber is an important deposit and industry. Did you know that… The Baltic is the youngest sea on earth, formed by glacial erosion during the last few ice ages only some 10,000-15,000 years ago. The discovery occurred in 2011 when a deep sea exploration team called Ocean-X, came across an unusual formation 300 ft. below the surface, off the coast of Sweden. In 2005, some scientists from Russia successfully found thousands of pieces of planes and ships from the World War II. The Baltic Sea has shore length of about 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). This is referred to as the Viking Age. Basic facts about the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. Thus, the town is a popular station for vacationers who want to visit Fehmarn. The Baltic is the largest body of brackish water in the world. The periphery amounts to about 8000 … 29 2 35. Sea Bridge Diving Bell. There are more than 85 million people living in the region of the Baltic Sea. The fish species living in the Baltic Sea are a mixture of marine and freshwater species adapted to the brackish (water with low salinity) conditions. Sea Bridge Sellin. About Baltic Sea Properties Baltic Sea Properties is a Norwegian real estate company investing in the Baltics. Images taken by satellite in 2010 showed that there is an algae bloom covering 146,000 square miles in the Baltic Sea, and 38,610 square miles of its sea floor is now a dead zone. They act as essential consumers of plankton and benthic invertebrates and they serve as a food for marine top predators. Baltic Sea Dune Grass. Later, there were fights for control over the sea with Wendish tribes dwelling on the southern shore. 45 30 12. Countries that border the Baltic Sea include Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Russia, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. Their exposure to accumulated pressures make marine mammals … Runoff from the land equals roughly 25% of the Baltic Sea's volume every year. Although a sea, the Central Baltic Sea's salinity is considered to be much less than ocean water. The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden, northeast Germany, Poland, Russia and the North and Central European Plain.. Critically endangered populations of Atlantic white-sided dolphins and harbor porpoises inhabit the sea where white-colored porpoises have been recorded, and occasionally oceanic and out-of-range species such as minke whales, bottlenose dolphins, beluga whales, orcas, and beaked whales visit the waters. By Laura Zaharova. Much shipbuilding is carried out in the shipyards around the Baltic Sea. To the south of Gotland temperatures of 5 or 6°C (41 or 42.8°F) in May becomes about 16°C (60.8°F) in August. I hope I get an A*! Among marine fishes are cod, herring, hake, plaice, flounder, shorthorn sculpin, stickleback and turbot, and examples of freshwater species include perch, pike, whitefish and roach. Holidays Car Travel. The most common commercially fished species include herring, sprat, and cod. Cruising this overgrown lake should be a pleasant and smooth experience most of the time. Thank you again! North Sea EEZ. The water volume of the Central Baltic Sea is 21,700km cubed. On average, the Baltic Sea is iced in winter for roughly half of its surface area. Interesting Baltic Sea Facts: During the Roman Empire the Baltic Sea was referred to as Mare Sarmaticum or Mare Suebicum. It includes the Gulf of Bothnia, the Bay of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland, the Gulf of Riga, and the Bay of Gdańsk. An arm of the Atlantic Ocean , the Baltic is a shallow sea in Northern Europe. 206 270 31. 247 168 128. Dubbed the Baltic Sea Anomaly, the object is a 70-metre long (210 feet) strangely-shaped feature that showed up on sonar laying 100 metres (300 … It is about 1,600 km (990 mi) long, an average of 193 km (120 mi) wide, and an average of 55 metres (180 ft) deep. The European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) is the first Macro-regional Strategy in Europe. The Baltic Sea has an abundant supply of fresh water runoff from the land surrounding it, resulting in it having much less salt than the ocean. Around the Danish islands and in the Southern Baltic near Kalinigrad, 10 or 11°C (50 or 51.8°F) in May becomes 17 to 18°C (62.5 to 64.5°F) by August. German EEZ total. … Commercial fishing is one of the major industries in the Baltic Sea. The Baltic Sea also contains several glacial relict species (arctic species left behind after the last glaciation), including isopod Saduria entomon, fourhorn sculpin, and ringed seal. Artificial waterways connect the Baltic Sea to the White Sea, and the German Bight of the North Sea. Interesting facts about the Baltic Sea December 26, 2017 December 25, 2017 admintag The Baltic Sea, located in the north of Europe, is, as you know, the cradle of the Russian fleet. The Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992, entered into force on 17 January 2000. ADDITIONAL FACTS. In the early Middle Ages, Vikings of Scandinavia built their trade emporia all around the Baltic. The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean located in northern Europe. Multiple categories are supported. Governed by special hydrographical and climatic conditions, the Baltic Sea is one of the planet’s largest bodies of brackish water. The Baltic Sea has a limited exchange of water with the Atlantic. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Baltic Sea is one of the largest brackish inland seas by area, and occupies a basin formed by glacial erosion during the last few ice ages. Its average depth is 180 feet and maximum depth is 1,506 feet. They should be based on time series and trends to greatest possible extent so that changes in pressures and/or state … Many big rivers in the surrounding countries drain into the Baltic Sea. Posted in Facts | Tagged algae, Baltic Sea, Fucus, Fucus evanescens, introduced species, seaweed, wrack | Leave a comment. The Strategy is divided into three objectives, which represent the three … The Baltic sea is about 1610 km (1000 mi) long, an average of 193 km (120 mi) wide, and an average of 55 m (180 ft, 30 fathoms) deep. The Baltic Sea during the Roman Empire was referred to as Mare Sarmaticum, or Mare Suebicum. This is referred to as the Viking Age. Approximately one … The Baltic Sea also encompasses the Bay of Bothnia, the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Riga, the Bay of Gdansk, and the Gulf of Finland. For this reason, the water has a low amount of salt, so the northern parts of the sea … WHAT? On the east, south, and south-west there is Russia, Belarus and Poland repsectively. In the Baltic Sea we can find serrated wrack along the Swedish coast up to the Gryt archipelago in … About 48% of the region is forested, with Sweden and Finland containing the majority of the forest, especially around the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland. The company’s operations is organised trough five fully-owned subsidiaries which are all registered in Lithuania. The countries around the Baltic Sea and European Union have to act now to solve the problem. Publications from the last season are currently evaluated and will be available in the archive soon. The shoreline of the Baltic Sea is 5,000 miles in length. It is known that since 1720, the Baltic Sea has frozen over entirely a total of 20 times – the most recent case was in early 1987. The results show that, although signs of improvement in the state of the Baltic Sea are seen in some cases, the Baltic Sea Action Plan goals and ecological objectives have not yet been reached (Figures ES1-ES2). One of the most notable megafaunas in the Baltic Sea … 3,797 Free images of Baltic Sea. At the German coasts and in the Baltic Sea area, ice occurs only seasonally. 76 101 11. 393 455 48. The Baltic Sea is home to many freshwater and marine species. Serrated wrack, Fucus serratus, is easily recognized by its serrated edges. The Baltic Sea has virtually no tides, with no more than a few centimeters variation. The Baltic Sea is located in the Atlantic Ocean, partially surrounded by the North European Plain, Finland, Scandinavia, and the Baltic countries. Endangered species of fish in the Baltic Sea include the eel, the grayling, the porbeagle shark, the spurdog shark, wolf fish, whitefish, ling, sea lamprey, tope shark, thornback ray, salmon, and trout. Saltwater from the North-East Atlantic blends with fresh water from the surrounding rivers and streams that run through 14 … Fucus serratus – Serrated wrack. Baltic Sea Facts and Trivia. There is also a canal between the sea and the ocean. Since 1720 the Baltic Sea has frozen completely over 20 times in total. Major tributaries to the Baltic Sea include Neva, Vistula, Daugava, Neman, Kemijoki, Oder, Lule alv, Narva, and Torne alv. The Baltic is a young sea, formed after the last glaciation as the ice retreated some 10,000 years ago. January 28, 2013 by radicans. First mentions of amber deposits on the South coast of the Baltic Sea date back to the 12th century. Endangered bird species in the Baltic Sea region include the Terek sandpiper, the Mediterranean gull, the southern dunlin, and the black-legged kittiwake. The largest shipyards are at Gdańsk [photo below], Gdynia, and Szczecin, Poland; Kiel, Germany; Karlskrona and Malmö, Sweden; Rauma, Turku, and Helsinki, Finland; Riga, Ventspils, and Liepāja, Latvia; Klaipėda, Lithuania; and Saint Petersburg, Russia. Cruise Ship Cruiser. The maximum depth is 459 m (1,506 ft).The current course of the shoreline was formed about 2 thousand years ago. The fauna of the Baltic sea is a mixture of marine and freshwater species. The Baltic Sea is a sea in northern Europe between Scandinavia, Finland, Russia, the Baltic countries, Poland, and Germany.. During the Roman Empire the Baltic Sea was referred to as Mare Sarmaticum or Mare Suebicum. 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