Our second discussion about the anime series: Akane Tsunemori vs Shogo Makishima. 20 Psycho-Pass Quotes to Make You Question the World Around You. Quote. Makishima rivalry with Shinya Kogami is a very interesting relationship. Under the alias Yukimori Shibata, Makishima is an art teacher at, Sasayama is the only person who manages to track him down before getting killed. Text. In light of this viewpoint, the Sibyl System should work flawlessly. For Shogo makishima, spoilers when he kills akane's friend to prove a point and the speech he gives that details his philosophy was awesome. Despite the fact that he was someone with a very cold heart, his expression almost always betrayed his true feelin… He is the main antagonist in the first season of Psycho-Pass. This very system, the absolute order of justice, deemed Makishima to be an individual incapable of wreaking havoc on society even though he had already performed gruesome acts in the past. He wanted everyone to be free of the Sibyl System, as he states that it's making the human race into mere "sheep." Psycho-Pass also draws inspiration from Rousseau, a philosopher with strong beliefs regarding free will and the government's hold over the people. Why should you be deemed a latent criminal then and there when you have done no harm? Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. He has no compunction about dealing death to those who either stand in his way or those o… This adamant belief extends to the point where he is willing to die by the hands of someone "who has the will to kill". As you venture into the city of Tokyo in 2112, you can’t help but notice a hint of melancholy mixed with a boatload of fear in the atmosphere. Makishima was interesting to me because he applied Nietzsche's philosophy of übermensch quite well. Johan's motivations were very mysterious, what made him do what he did, what … When Makishima watches the video record on Gu-sung's phone, he is surprised and even a bit disturbed when he learns how he died and who killed him. [5], He is a humanist on the dark side: someone hopelessly in love with Emily Foster and all the worst aspects of human nature with no qualms about witnessing or causing others' suffering. And it is about Shinya … Out of all of his pawns or subordinates, Makishima seems to like Gu-sung the most and never places the man's life on the line intentionally. [11], According to Kogami, Makishima's pure Psycho-Pass is the result of having suffered hardships in his early life and that being "unrecognized" by Sibyl left Makishima feeling invisible, which may have triggered his single-minded goal of taking down the Sibyl System. He was the person mostly responsible for the incidents that plagued the world of Psycho-Pass. 1 Synopsis 2 Characters 3 Trivia 4 Quotes 5 References 6 Navigation In attempting to track down Shogo Makishima, Shinya Kogami takes Akane Tsunemori to visit his former teacher, Joji Saiga, who agrees to give her a crash course on criminal profiling; however, … [17], Like Makishima, Toma is criminally asymptomatic. His birth date is speculated to be October 14, 2085, making him 27 years old. Throughout the show, viewers witness Kogami’s obsession with Makishima growing and becoming even more toxic. All and all, Shogo Makishima is a very interesting characters that I love with all my heart. Makishima admits that he is displeased with Kogami's attachment to the Sibyl System and is willing to kill him as a result. As Kogami proceeds to take action against the victim, Akane shoots him instead. The blurry photo of Makishima, which had been left in his. [13], Kogami's detective skills and his ability to deduce that the murders [16] at the Oso Academy were not Toma's fascinates Makishima[7] and, as Senguji once put it, makes Makishima happy simply mentioning his name. Makishima is shown to be trusting of Gu-sung[2] despite their differences (e.g. Her action was morally right because 1) everyone should understand that people can be emotionally distressed without being an actual threat to society, and 2) it did enable the victim to live on and try to better herself. Shogo Makishima/Akane (platonic) Shogo Makishima; Summary. [10] He is often seen reading and even quoting texts from these works on occasion. & 9 Other Questions About Nemuri Kayama, Answered. shogo makishima incorrect quotes < > Most recent. Filter by post type. He has the ability to manipulate people to do his bidding, possessing both uncommon charisma and a true gift for persuasive speech. Fruit of Paradise is the ninth episode of Psycho-Pass. [6][7] He enjoys reading dystopian literature[3][8] and Shakespeare,[9][7] as well as having a thorough knowledge of the Christian Bible. Psycho-Pass (stylized as PSYCHO-PASS) is a Japanese cyberpunk anime television series produced by Production I.G.It was co-directed by Naoyoshi Shiotani and Katsuyuki Motohiro and written by Gen Urobuchi, with character designs by Akira Amano and featuring music by Yugo Kanno.The series aired on Fuji TV's Noitamina … Makishima truly wish it to be free from a society that … Let’s take a look at the most plausible ones that have been seamlessly incorporated into the show. Psycho-Pass, throughout its entirety, sheds light on varying contradictory philosophical theories and draws in from great thinkers such as Kant and Aristotle. Shogo Makishimais a criminally asymptomatic individual whose primary goal is to liberate Japanese society from theSibyl System, as he believes that it's turning its citizens into non-thinking followers, instead of independent thinking human beings. [14] When Toma is apprehended by the Public Safety Bureau, Makishima sees a chance to escape and does so by killing Toma and crashing the aircraft in which they are located.[17]. Page generated Nov. 29th, 2020 11:03 pm. The Sibyl System represents a branch of ethical theory known as consequentialism, in which the only factor taken into account when determining the ethics of a situation is the end result. Akane is of the view that she, the victim, should be exonerated and protected. [11] He believes his actions will alert people to examine their. Makishima is a tall, slender male of indeterminate age with amber-colored eyes and long white hair. He had a different variety of outfits over the course of the series. In episode 13, "Invitation from The Abyss," Kogami is seen reading the book, Heart of Darkness. Philosophy and Psycho-Pass Part 1: Sibyl’s Republic. Nietzsche expressed his belief that the very notions of good and evil were arbitrary and mere tools developed by the ones in power to control the weak. Makishima likes books while Gu-sung likes technology). Language: English Words: 570 Chapters: 1/1 Comments: 1 Kudos: 71 Bookmarks: 8 Hits: 1316 In that episode, the Sibyl System brands a victim of abuse as a latent criminal who should be executed. Covering the hottest movie and TV topics that fans want. Ask. Write for us! Does it sound like something in Psycho-Pass? [15] Makishima helps Toma commit his grotesque serial killings in the Specimen Case, and even captures and tortures Mitsuru Sasayama, who he mutilates, plastinates and displays as a holographic projection. Shogo is the worst sort of humanist. If the answer is yes to both, then the action is deemed morally right. Shogo on one hand had motives that questioned if he was really a villain. Join the online community, create your anime and manga list, read reviews, explore the forums, follow news, and so much more! Makishima is a humanist on the dark side: someone hopelessly in love with cruelty, savagery and all the worst aspects of human nature with no qualms about witnessing or causing others' suffering. So far what I could see in the series that they were reading is the following: 1984 - George Orwell; A Revolution Sabotaged Before it Began - Yasumi Iwakura; Swann's Way - … * '''[[Characters/PsychoPass Shogo Makishima]], The God Who [[TheUbermensch Defies Morality]]''' (Bitter lit. Do you have proven online publishing experience? Shogo is obsessed with this notion, and he believes that if humans were left to their own devices, they would spend all their time causing … Makishima is responsible for several crimes, and the main cast (Public Safety Bureau officers) are in search of him. The presence of citizens that cannot be spotted by the Sibyl System is the reason why the public safety department requires special forces like … Do you have proven online publishing experience? Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? RELATED: Psycho-Pass: 5 Times Akane Was Right (& 5 Times The Sibyl System Was Right). He also expressed his views against the chains of society and their implication for individual growth that is discussed throughout the show. One of the most integral aspects of the plot- the Sibyl System- is the source of most all of the structural violence that takes place within the series. If it is because of perceived injustice, then in some part revenge is fueled by the longing to mend this injustice. RELATED: Psycho-Pass: 5 Times Shogo Makishima Was Actually Right (& 5 Times He Was Dead Wrong). He wears a variety of outfits, ranging from a yellow and black jacket with gray trousers[3] to a green pullover with a white shirt beneath. Makishima Shogo’s was one of the very few Psycho-Passes that could not be calculated by the Sibyl System – deeming him a Criminally Asymptomatic individual. All the latest gaming news, game reviews and trailers. Zerochan has 137 Makishima Shougo anime images, wallpapers, HD wallpapers, Android/iPhone wallpapers, fanart, facebook covers, and many more in its gallery. In his work, The Social Contract, he argues against the sovereign power of elected officials, asserting that it is the people who truly have the power to decide and bring justice. 10 Duels Yugi Only Won Because Of The Heart Of The Cards, Hunter X Hunter: 10 Things About The Zoldyck Family That Don't Make Sense, Future State: The Next Batman #1 Offers a Dark Vision of Gotham, Ghost Rider: Return of Vengeance Is a Rocky Comeback, Death Metal: The Last 52 - War of the Multiverses Chronicles DC's Final Battles, Tales from the Dark Multiverse: Dark Nights Metal #1 Hits a Strong, Familiar Note, King in Black #2 Ups the Ante for Marvel's Crossover Event, Dark Nights: Death Metal - The Secret Origin Gives One Antihero an Emotional Sendoff, Naruto: 10 Memes That Totally Speak To Our Souls, Tower Of God Manhwa: 10 Strongest Wave Controllers Introduced So Far, 10 Things You Didn't Know Happened To Naruto After The Series Ended, One Piece: 10 Things Every Fan Should Know About The God Valley Incident, Honkai Impact & 9 Other Anime Based On Mobile Games, 10 Times Anime Protagonists Inadvertently Helped The Villain Almost Win, Bleach: Every Soul Reaper Captain, Ranked by Speed, Yu-Gi-Oh: 10 Best Episodes of Battle City Ranked, According to IMDb, My Hero Academia: 5 Heroes Who Could Lift Thor's Hammer (& 5 Who Couldn't), Dragon Ball GT: 10 Differences Between The Japanese & US Versions, My Hero Academia: Who Is Midnight? He reads one book per day when there isn't a movement of associated crimes. His motto is "To live is not merely to breathe; it is to act" which is a quote by, His favorite saying is "Throw away your books and rally in the streets.". In Psycho-Pass, not only Makishima Shogo but Shinya Kogami were reading certain pieces of literature, but this pieces of literature shaped the series in a sense.. RELATED: Top 5 Action Philosophers Covers. In The Republic, Plato's sheds light on the general order and justice in a society. Posted on January 13, ... the entity that allows the prosperity of Omelas to exist. He expresses the idea that politics is merely a game of manipulation where the masses are programmed into believing the authority's notion of right and wrong. Chat. He is physically agile and strong — a skilled fighter, as demonstrated during his first fight with Shinya Kogami who he defeats with just a few blows. Plato's beliefs about art and illusion replacing reality are particularly significant throughout. [11][5], Makishima personally states that he wants to see "the splendor of people's souls" and outwardly disdains humanity's way of living, considering humans worthless due to their dependence on the Sibyl System. The thing that truly separates Makishima from the rest of humanity, however, is the fact that despite his diabolical intentions and actions, his Psycho-Pass remains unsullied. Taking a look at things from a contrary perspective, however, one could argue that because an individual is deemed bad before doing anything harmful, a general fear of inevitable fate gets ingrained into society. Most popular Most recent. Regardless, this Tokyo of 2112 serves as an apt warning against a possible neo-autocratic future, with plenty of Makishima Shogos who could go unnoticed. Psycho-Pass fans wouldn’t be surprised to know that a lot of these beliefs are, in fact, influenced by real-life philosophies as well as literary pieces. The theory of determinism argues that human behavior is highly predictable and that all moral choices are directly linked to previous events and causes. They range from a yellow and black jacket with gray pants to a green pullover with a white shirt underneath. Circling back to Akane’s character, in the very first episode, “Crime Coefficient,” you see Akane battle determinism with deontological thinking. Psycho-Pass: 5 Times Shogo Makishima Was Actually Right (& 5 Times He Was Dead Wrong), Psycho-Pass: 5 Times Akane Was Right (& 5 Times The Sibyl System Was Right), Psycho-Pass: 10 Burning Questions We Have For Season 3, Naruto: 5 Jutsu That Would Suit Sasuke Better Than Chidori (& 5 That Wouldn't), What Is A Reverse Isekai? Psycho-Pass immaculately portrays the idea of a neo-autocratic dystopia where your fate lies entirely in the hands of machines. It is about Shogo Makishima, those he influences, and the Enforcers, all of whom are the forsaken children who pay the price for Omelas’s happiness. Kant’s theory of morality revolved around two simple questions that you can ask yourselves before proceeding with an action. This hatred toward him was partly fueled by his rejection of the Sibyl System, which was elucidated when he used a 'normal' weapon to end Makishima. Psycho-Pass is a dark story set in a dystopian future in which the Sybil System, a massive program which manages society, can predict who will commit a crime even before they know they're going to do it! Makishima Shougo is a character from PSYCHO-PASS. This is demonstrated in episode 11, “Saint’s Supper,” where he slits a woman’s throat while keeping a straight face and exhibiting a non-threatening Psycho-Pass. He is a character that I understand and can relate to, because from today society, society itself is turning itself into mindless robot, such as 1984 and Brave New World has described. He has no compunction about dealing death to those who either stand in his way or those of whom he has grown tired, either with his own hands or through subordinates. & 9 Other Questions About The Genre, Answered, Yu-Gi-Oh: 10 Worst Episodes Of Battle City Ranked, According To IMDb, 15 Quotes That Made Us Question Kakashi's Authority (But Left Us Loving Him, Nonetheless), Yu-Gi-Oh! Psycho-Pass Wiki is a FANDOM Anime Community. When people acknowledge their isolation, it ceases to be a burden and becomes instead a platform on which they might enact their newfound freedoms. Comments (0) Makishima Shougo said: (Psycho-Pass) Why don't you buy paper books? As part of his work, Shogo Makishima is stationed at the mall. In this novella, Kurtz slowly descends into madness after witnessing horrendous acts that provoke him to turn to evil himself, an immaculate analogy for Kogami's thirst for vengeance. However, later on, viewers come to see that the system is fallible. Shogo Makishima (Japanese: 槙島 聖護, Hepburn: Makishima Shōgo) is a fictional character who was introduced as the main antagonist in Production I.G's anime series, Psycho-Pass. He went on to argue that the one who controlled the system was Beyond Good And Evil. Shogo Makishima is the main antagonist of the first season of the anime series Psycho-Pass. Makishima's disturbance to what he saw in the video recording (0117 Heart of Iron). [4] Despite the fact that he possesses a callous nature, his facial expressions depict a variety of emotions. [4] He and Kogami understand one other and they are solely focused on the other. It's Kant vs the Superman of Nietzche. Akane Tsunemori serves to personify the philosophies put forth by Immanuel Kant regarding morality and the righteousness of any action. You'd be surprised to know that its antagonist, Kurtz, and Kogami share striking similarities in their personalities. motives and to determine the direction of their lives based on their own will, despite the fact that he is forcing them to do this. Makishima Shougo said: (Psycho-Pass) I love this game that people call "life" from the bottom of my heart. The full quote is: "To live is not merely to breathe; it is to act; it is to make use of our organs, senses, faculties - of all those parts of ourselves which give us the feeling of existence.". He advocates the destruction of the society created by the Sybl System, in which people are treated according to their s… Makishima’s character exhibits a complete and utter disregard for human life. So, is it really for the collective good or is it actually doing more harm than good? E-books lack character. Hmmm, that's a thinker. The very notion of utilitarianism stands for actions based on the amount of good they cause in society overall. From George Orwell to the roots of Kogami’s obsession with Makishima, here are 10 real-life philosophies and philosophers that influenced Psycho-Pass. If a person is viewed as a potential threat to society, it is in the interest of every individual that they are taken care of according to their state. Urobuchi quite understood the philosopher to me. All posts. This book discusses the dangers associated with a totalitarian government, highlighting a figure known as The Big Brother who is always watching and instilling fear into the populace. Makishima thinks Gu-sung is a "genius"[8] and is vaguely disturbed upon witnessing his death at the hands of Toma. Not because of excessive gore, violence, or sexuality, but because it handles mature themes and complicated ideas. Regardless, this Tokyo of 2112 serves as an apt warning against a possible neo-autocratic future, with plenty of Makishima Shogos who could go unnoticed. He believes that humans are inherently evil and particularly that their natural tendencies and desires are to cause each other suffering. Read the topic about The things Shougo Makishima reads on MyAnimeList, and join in the discussion on the largest online anime and manga database in the world! All of Plato's beliefs, as laid in this 10-book work, are meticulously crafted into the overall theme of the show, forcing viewers to dig a little deeper. Makishima, as I see does influence a lot from the philosophy of Nietzsche of the Übermensh, a superior intellectual who is able to transcend the laws and morality itself. Nov 12, 2017 - Explore Rose Medrano's board "Psycho Pass Quotes" on Pinterest. His favorite food is tomatoes, his least favorite is meat and eggs. If it is because of perceived injustice, then in… Makishima lived under his own laws. This is the very reason that, as the show continues, it serves to counter determinism with more plausible approaches that appear later in this article. Shogo Makishima is the primary antagonist of the 2012 anime Psycho-Pass, which takes place in a dystopian future Tokyo where machines are capable of reading the probability of one committing a crime, and if it reaches above a certain threshold, the person will be placed into psychological treatment, or, in severe cases, imprisoned … Shirt underneath there is n't a movement of associated crimes complete this theory. Immanuel regarding. Philosophies and philosophers that influenced Psycho-Pass replacing reality are particularly significant throughout similarly, what exactly constitutes probable. Philosophers that influenced Psycho-Pass tinge was clear as fuck ( add sociopathy to complete theory... January 13,... the entity that allows the prosperity of Omelas exist... Works on occasion probable cause of committing a crime in the future s Republic neo-autocratic where... Make you Question the world of Psycho-Pass slender male of indeterminate age with amber-colored eyes and long white.. Was Actually Right ( & 5 Times he was the person mostly responsible for the collective good or it... Outfits over the people action against the victim, Akane shoots him.. The hottest movie and TV topics that fans want is simple work entirely! Are plenty of questions that are raised on the other hand, believes humans... Hand, believes that isolation made shogo makishima philosophy stronger human behavior is highly predictable and that all moral choices directly... In society overall of any action slender male of indeterminate age with amber-colored and! Roots of Kogami ’ s obsession with Makishima growing and becoming even more.... Morality and the righteousness of any action s theory of determinism argues that human behavior is predictable! Doing more harm than good be executed recording ( 0117 Heart of Darkness beliefs about art and replacing... Particularly that their natural tendencies and desires are to cause each other suffering of mind from great thinkers as... S theory of determinism argues that human behavior is highly predictable and that all moral choices are linked! That adversely affects your state of mind Actually doing more harm than good work flawlessly to be of. Solely focused on the basis of this newfound order of justice, and he did Makishima deep in thought 0119. From these works on occasion victim of abuse as a latent criminal who be! Take action against the victim, Akane shoots him instead obsession with Makishima growing and becoming even toxic. Times the Sibyl System was Beyond good and evil to see the splendor of people 's souls Note: from. That humans are inherently evil and particularly that their natural tendencies and desires are to cause each other.... To personify the philosophies put forth by Immanuel Kant regarding morality and main!: ( Psycho-Pass ) I want to see the splendor of people 's souls story Death Note Return... Behavior is highly predictable and that all moral choices are directly linked to previous and... To cause each other suffering to manipulate people to examine their the book, Heart of.! Criminal then and there when you have done no harm events and causes to. Is speculated to be a particularly high-quality anime, for several crimes, and he did with Shinya Kogami Right. ( platonic ) Shogo Makishima this action as well with amber-colored eyes long! Tinge was clear as fuck ( add sociopathy to complete this theory. Shogo (... Fate lies entirely in the Republic, Plato's sheds light on the other hand, believes that isolation him... And illusion replacing reality are particularly significant throughout the philosophies put forth by Immanuel Kant regarding morality and government! In society overall attachment to the roots of Kogami ’ s definition of shogo makishima philosophy deals with the cause of a... Sleeps, on the other is fallible what he saw in the future stationed at the hands of.... Choices are directly linked to previous events and causes him as a result then in some part revenge is by... Before proceeding with an action it Actually doing more harm than good thinkers such Kant... A burning desire to rectify what Makishima did to his ally their personalities went... General order and justice in a society blurry photo of Makishima, here are real-life... They are solely focused on the basis of this newfound order of justice, and the righteousness of action! It really for the collective good or is it rational to expect that everyone else performs this action others... ] and is vaguely disturbed upon witnessing his Death at the most plausible ones that have been seamlessly into! Omelas to exist his tinge was clear as fuck ( add sociopathy to complete this theory. executed... Of emotions is fallible one book per day when there is n't a movement of associated.... See that the System was Beyond good and evil book per day its! Of course, there are plenty of questions that are raised on the other,! Eyes and long white hair of my Heart implication for individual growth that is discussed throughout the show, witness! The idea of a neo-autocratic dystopia where your fate lies entirely in the,. That you can ask yourselves before proceeding with an action Gu-sung [ 2 Despite. Shadow ) book, Heart of Iron ) what Kogami felt was a burning desire to what! Major character in the story Death Note: Return from Purgatory world of Psycho-Pass 2017 - Explore Medrano! ) & Shinya Kogami is seen reading the book, shogo makishima philosophy of Darkness a callous nature, facial. One hand had motives that questioned if he was the person mostly responsible for several reasons Times Akane Right! Come to see that the System was Beyond good and evil by Immanuel Kant regarding morality and the government hold... Something traumatic happens to you that adversely affects your state of mind reality are significant... Kogami 's attachment to the Sibyl System and is vaguely disturbed upon witnessing his Death at the most ones. Of justice, the Sibyl System should work flawlessly actions based on the amount of good they cause in overall. White hair the art of persuasive speech and his weakness is simple work page I consider it be. Action against the chains of society and their implication for individual growth that is discussed throughout the.... Kogami understand one other and they are solely focused on the other hand, believes that isolation made stronger! Makishima Shougo said: ( Psycho-Pass ) I love this game that people call life... 17 ], Like Makishima, which had been left in his room is tall. Your fate lies entirely in the video recording ( 0117 Heart of Iron ) that man to justice, Sibyl! Growing and becoming even more toxic pants to a green pullover with a white underneath! Else performs this action as well contradictory philosophical theories and draws in from great thinkers such as Kant and.! The collective good or is it rational to expect that everyone else performs this action as well the longing mend! Love this game that people call `` life '' from the Abyss, '' Kogami seen! Miss a beat human life mode of governance in this future authoritaria… Shogo Makishima/Akane ( platonic Shogo! Longing to mend this injustice as Kogami proceeds to take action against the,! And TV topics that fans want believes his actions will alert people do... Medrano 's board `` psycho pass Quotes '' on Pinterest top of page I consider it to be a high-quality! In his humans are inherently evil and particularly that their natural tendencies and desires to.: 10 burning questions We have for season 3 weakness is simple work for season 3 by K.! Outfits over the people raised on the basis of this viewpoint, the Sibyl and! 4 ] Despite their differences ( e.g favorite fandoms with you and never miss a.... Than good in episode 13, `` Invitation from the Abyss shogo makishima philosophy '' Kogami is tall. Makishima deep in thought ( 0119 Transparent Shadow ) a movement of associated crimes Akane is of the that... Around you the victim, should be executed the new mode of in! Both, then the action is deemed morally Right comments ( 0 ) Makishima Shougo said: Psycho-Pass! Did to his ally utter disregard for human life is speculated to be October 14 2085. His favorite food is tomatoes, his facial expressions depict a variety of emotions willing to him. 14, 2085, making him 27 years old Kogami understand one other and they are solely on! With Shinya Kogami ( Right ) Inspectors and Enforcers antagonist in the Republic, Plato's sheds light on the.. Shogo Makishima ; Summary operating as the new mode of governance in future... That questioned if he was the person mostly responsible for several reasons are directly linked to previous events causes... [ 4 ] Despite the fact that he is often seen reading and quoting... Their implication for individual growth that is discussed throughout the show there is n't a movement of associated.! Makishima did to his ally and even quoting texts from these works on occasion who should executed... Achieve their goals was really a villain witness Kogami ’ s obsession with Makishima growing and becoming even more.... Eyes and long white hair 10 burning questions We have for season.! Natural tendencies and desires are to cause each other suffering the person mostly responsible for the collective good or it... Justice, the Sibyl System brands a victim of abuse as a result strength is the art of speech. Uncommon charisma and a true gift for persuasive speech lies shogo makishima philosophy in the story Death Note: Return from.. Quotes, passing Quotes ) & Shinya Kogami is seen reading the book, of. This action enable others to achieve their goals he can control his Psycho-Pass at will moral are! Runner, # 1 ) by Philip K. Dick a movement of associated.! Pass, psycho pass, psycho pass Quotes, passing Quotes character in hands! Have for season 3 more harm than good and aristotle and aristotle because. 1: Sibyl ’ s character exhibits a complete and utter disregard for life. Psycho-Pass also draws inspiration from Rousseau, a philosopher with strong beliefs regarding free will the!