Four scales were provided to college students including, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), The Index of Race-Related Stress (Brief Version) (IRRS), the Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire (PEDQ), and the Coping Inventory (COPE). National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Adolescents’ perception of the best way to deal with discrimination is assessed by asking adolescents to select from five different coping strategies (e.g., “Talking to the person and clarify common misconceptions about ethnic groups” and “Work hard to prove them wrong”) the best way they felt one should deal with issues of discrimination. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. ll researchers have permission to use the 6-item DCSS, with the following citation: If you are planning to translate the DCSS into other languages, please send the final version of the measure and any information on how the measure held up in analyses to. Coping with Racial Discrimination: Coping Strategies, Critical Ethnic Awareness, and Psychosocial Resources for Asian Americans . [Unpublished manuscript].  |  McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2019). Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). Racism and discrimination continue to be a fact of life for many students of color on college campuses. NIH Total scores range from 22 - 132; higher scores indicate higher levels of coping. Journal of counseling psychology. NLM Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. Mindfulness (N Y). In Study 3, the estimated 2-week test-retest reliabilities (N = 53) were between .48 and .85 for the 5 factors. J Subst Abuse Treat. Epub 2007 Jul 23. Epub 2017 Nov 4. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! This site needs JavaScript to work properly. 2004 May;10(2):169-176. doi: 10.1037/1099-9809.10.2.169. Principal Component Analysis of Types of Anti-Stigma Strategies Obtained From the Stigma Coping Orientation Scales (SCOS), Test of Self-Conscious Affect (TOSCA-3) and Group Identification Measure. Racial discrimination was assessed using the Everyday Discrimination Scale (α=0.95), and was coded using two conventional approaches: (1) situation-based coding : number of different situations ever experienced; (2) frequency-based coding : sum of Likert scale responses ranging from 'never' to 'almost everyday'; and (3) a new chronicity-based coding approach: sum of responses, weighted to capture … ObjectiveExperiences of ethnic discrimination may constitute major stressors for ethnic minority groups. The first published study that used this measure is Umaña-Taylor, Vargas-Chanes et al. Based on their responses to the strategies they used, Phinney and Chavira further classified adolescents as belonging to one of three different styles for coping with prejudice and discrimination. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from 0.72 to 0.90. 2010 Jul;57(3):345-60. doi: 10.1037/a0019577. The current study is a phenomenological exploration of coping with perceived racial and gender discrimination experiences among 11 Asian/Asian American female faculty at various Christian universities. Profiles of coping with ethnic-racial discrimination and Latina/o adolescents’ adjustment. Puckett JA, Maroney MR, Wadsworth LP, Mustanski B, Newcomb ME. Abstract. In Study 2, a confirmatory factor analysis (N = 328) provided cross-validation of the 5-factor model as well as evidence for validity of the scale. examined medical and mental health treatment, access to public restrooms, identity documentation, housing, and employment as an index of exposure to various types of discrimination. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. Participants completed a 90-min semistructured interview. Phinney and Chavira’s results indicated that adolescents used five different strategies to deal with discrimination. A longitudinal examination of Latino adolescents’ ethnic identity, coping with discrimination, and self-esteem. Adolescents were classified as using Passive coping style if they only mentioned Ignore as a way of dealing with discrimination. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale A 10th item was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.” This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Social Work and Psychology) in The University of Michigan 2012 . (2008). If you are planning to translate the DCSS into other languages, please send the final version of the measure and any information on how the measure held up in analyses to Adriana Umaña-Taylor. They issued a 20-item version of the Coping with Discrimination …  |  To assess the psychometric properties of the measure for use with sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual, or GLB persons), a nonprobability sample of 371 GLB adults completed the instrument along with several standardized, self-report measures. Subculture of relationships in the effect, given this is a generating milieu of discrimination including the racial and behavior. Thirty women with social phobia were recruited at the department of psychiatry and psychotherapy of the Univ… Copyright © 2021 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS). The item “People act as if they think you are not smart” was modified as “People act as if you are dangerous” to reflect a bias against Asians since COVID-19. Introducing a brief measure of cultural and religious identification in American Jewish identity. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 37(6), 730-742. doi:10.1177/0734282918792384, McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Zeiders, K. H. (2019). Harvard Graduate School of Education. Profiles of coping with ethnic-racial discrimination and Latina/o adolescents’ adjustment. All 60 women met DSM-IVdiagnostic criteria for borderline personality disorder as assessed by the appropriate segment of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders. Research on Asian American college students’ experiences with racial ethnic microaggressions and their coping strategies is scant. eCollection 2018. USA.gov. The use of the Coping with Discrimination scale (Wei, Alvarez, Ku, Russell, & Bonett, 2010) with a TGD sample extends prior work done with sexual minority individuals (Ngamake, Walch, & Raveepatarakul, 2014). Ten of the 11 women described experiences where they perceived being treated differently due to race and/or gender. McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2018). Investigation of discrimination variety count of preparation for each scale by making culture and communities. Family ethnic socialization predicts better academic outcomes via proactive coping with discrimination and increased self-efficacy. Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Vargas-Chanes, D., Garcia, C. D., & Gonzales-Backen, M. (2008). Phinney, J. S., & Chavira, V. (1995). aña-Taylor created Likert-type scale items to quantitatively assess the experiences described in Phinney and Chavira’s study. Family ethnic socialization predicts better academic outcomes via proactive coping with discrimination and increased self-efficacy. 2019 May;48(5):908-923. doi: 10.1007/s10964-018-0958-7. Group identification is relevant to coping with perceived discrimination among members of stigmatized minority groups ( Rüsch et al., 2009b ). The first measure is the Experiences of Discrimination (EOD) scale.22 Eight items from this scale were asked, including questions COMPARING MEASURES OF RACIAL/ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION 833. 2004. (in press). Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, and Detachment were positively associated with active coping, self-blame, substance use, and behavioral disengagement, respectively, providing further support for validity of the CDS. Data came from four waves of a longitudinal study of 323 Latino adolescents (Wave 1 Mage= 15.31 years, SD= .76; … The same as the original scale. McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Zeiders, K. H. (2019). The Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) was developed by Umaña-Taylor based on Phinney’s and Chavira’s (1995) qualitative work in which they interviewed a sample (n = 60) of adolescents (ages 16 to 18) from diverse ethnic minority backgrounds. We use 22 Likert-type items from the original 25-item scale, each of which is rated from 1 (never like me) to 6 (always like me). Parental ethnic socialization and adolescent coping with problems related to ethnicity. Among men, passive coping behaviors in response to lifetime discrimination were associated with greater VAT, but not SAT, volumes in age-adjusted models (78.5±32.0, P< 0.05; Table 5). [Multidimensional assessment of coping: validation of the Brief COPE among French population]. Umaña-Taylor created Likert-type scale items to quantitatively assess the experiences described in Phinney and Chavira’s study. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale • A 10th item was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.” • This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) 1– 9 Health consequences of discrimination also vary according to personal coping responses. J Clin Psychol. The Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC) was used to measure experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 5, 31-53, Harvard University Graduate School of EducationLarsen Hall, 61314 Appian WayCambridge, MA 02138, The Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) was developed by, based on Phinney’s and Chavira’s (1995) qualitative work in which they interviewed a sample (n = 60) of adolescents (ages 16 to 18) from diverse ethnic minority backgrounds. and coping with urban inequality in the number of discrimination. To assess the frequency by which adolescents have engaged in different types of coping strategies, adolescents are asked to record how often, on a 5-point Likert-type scale (1 = never, 3 = sometimes, and 5 = very often), they have used each coping strategy when they experienced discrimination. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. Front Psychiatry. (2008). Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). Sixty women with borderline personality disorder were recruited at the department of psychiatry and psychotherapy of the University of Freiburg in Germany and at the Psychiatric Hospital, Meissenberg, Zug, Switzerland. Perceived discrimination was measured using two separate instruments: (1) the Race-Related Events Scale (RES) 24 and (2) the Experiences of Discrimination (EOD) scale. 2019 Apr 16;10:694. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00694. Psychometric properties of multigroup ethnic identity measure (MEIM) scores with Australian adolescents from diverse ethnocultural groups. Jones, S. M., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., McDermott, E. R., Sladek, M.R., & Rivas-Drake, D. (2020). Would you like email updates of new search results? 2018 Feb 27;9:53. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00053. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Front Psychol. The DCSS, a 6-item scale (dealbest, dealtalk, deaproud, dlwrkhrd, dealrude, dlignore), assesses two different aspects of coping strategies: (a) adolescents’ perception of what they believe is the best coping strategy against discrimination or negative remarks about one’s ethnic or racial background was, and (b) how often adolescents have used specific discrimination coping strategies. Based on their responses to the strategies they used, Phinney and Chavira further classified adolescents as belonging to one of three different styles for coping with prejudice and discrimination. Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). Epub 2019 Sep 13. Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 16-50. doi:10.1177/0272431607308666, Additional Citations for Studies in which the Measure Has Been Used. At times, racism is overt, such as the use of racial slurs, graffiti, or even violence. Epub 2006 Nov 21. Puckett et al. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48(5), 908-923. doi:10.1007/s10964-018-0958-7, Montoro, J., Kilday, J., Rivas-Drake, D., Ryan, A., & Umaña-Taylor, A. J. We used the 5-item Everyday Discrimination Scale 24 (1 = Never, 5 = A lot; α = 0.93; M = 1.87; SD = 0.93). Experience of discrimination. The Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) The Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) is an even shorter measure of resilient coping, designed by Sinclair and Walston (2004), to capture an individual’s ability to cope with stress in highly adaptive ways. The DCSS has been used with Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI), American Indian or Native American, Black, Latinx, Non-White Multi-ethnic, and American Arab, Middle Eastern, and North African (AMENA) adolescent populations in the U.S. Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Vargas-Chanes, D., Garcia, C. D., & Gonzales-Backen, M. (2008). Jones, S. M., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., McDermott, E. R., Sladek, M.R., & Rivas-Drake, D. (2020).  |  Adolescents in the Aggressive coping style mentioned the use of Verbal Retort, without mentioning the use of any proactive strategy. Adolescents in the Proactive coping style reported Discuss, Self-affirmation, and Disprove as the ways to deal with such issues. Experiences of discrimination were assessed using the Everyday Discrimination Scale. Coping Response to Discrimination. Adolescents in the Proactive coping style reported Discuss, Self-affirmation, and Disprove as the ways to deal with such issues. Journal of Adolescence, 65, 189-195. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.03.011, McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2019). 2007 Mar;32(2):189-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2006.08.002. Parental ethnic socialization and adolescent coping with problems related to ethnicity. The same as the original scale. The Protective Role of Mindfulness in the Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination and Depression. J Youth Adolesc. Measuring Latino adolescents’ coping with ethnic-racial discrimination. Stress and coping research provides ample evidence demonstrating that psychological manifestations of social stress are significantly mediated by personal coping behaviors. Using data (N = 2,109) from a large-scale epidemiological study of Filipino Americans, this study examines whether ethnic identity is linked to mental health and reduces the stress of discrimination. Published 2010. The DISC is interviewer administered Measuring Latino adolescents’ coping with ethnic-racial discrimination. Finally, incremental validity evidence was obtained in Study 4 (N = 220), where it was shown that the CDS explained variance in outcome variables (i.e., depression, life satisfaction, self-esteem, and ethnic identity) that could not be explained by general coping strategies. HHS A comprehensive review of the psychometric properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test. Coping with discrimination: The insidious effects of gender minority stigma on depression and anxiety in transgender individuals. Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI), American Indian or Native American, Black, Latinx, Non-White Multi-ethnic, and American Arab, Middle Eastern, and North African (AMENA) adolescent. 33 Participants were asked each of the 9 items on the scale (e.g., “You are treated with less respect than other people are.”), and responded how often each item happened related to their HIV status, their race, and their sexual orientation. This study examined the associations between different forms of ethnic discrimination and levels of perceived stress in Russian immigrants living in Germany, taking into account potential moderating (in-group identification) and mediating (coping and social support) … NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. doi:10.1007/s10964-020-01360-5. Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). Phinney, J. S., & Chavira, V. (1995). The moderating role of ethnic-racial identity for the association between discrimination, coping, and adjustment among adolescents of color. The Coping with Discrimination Scale is used to determine how minority individuals respond to discrimination. The validity evidence was similar across racial groups and for males and females. Coping with discrimination from peers and adults: Implications for adolescents’ school belonging. by . McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2018). 2020 Jan;76(1):176-194. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22865. Isok Kim . An expanded table is provided in ESM Table 2. The DCSS, a 6-item scale (dealbest, dealtalk, deaproud, dlwrkhrd, dealrude, dlignore), assesses two different aspects of coping strategies: (a) adolescents’ perception of what they believe is the best coping strategy against discrimination or negative remarks about one’s ethnic or racial background was, and (b) how often adolescents have used specific discrimination coping strategies. Doctoral Committee: Adolescents were classified as using Passive coping style if they only mentioned Ignore as a way of dealing with discrimination. Adolescents in the Aggressive coping style mentioned the use of Verbal Retort, without mentioning the use of any proactive strategy. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) including its factor structure, validity, and longitudinal measurement invariance. The strength of identification with an ethnic group is found to be … The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) including its factor structure, validity, and longitudinal measurement invariance. Thus, the goals of the studies presented here were to (a) develop a coping with discrimination scale and (b) examine the factor struc-ture, reliability, and validity of this new scale… Friedlander ML, Friedman ML, Miller MJ, Ellis MV, Friedlander LK, Mikhaylov VG. Profiles of Coping with Ethnic-Racial Discrimination and Latina/o Adolescents' Adjustment. Our results provide vital insight into the ways TGD people are coping with, and being affected by, discrimination. a 20-item version of the Coping with Discrimination Scale (subscales used were Education & Advocacy, Detachment, Drug & Alcohol use, Resistance and Internalisation), a 8-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) – Depression scale for depression symptoms and Few studies have examined coping strategies specific to ethnic-racial discrimination among Latino youth. 2018 Aug;9(4):1100-1109. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0845-4. Few studies have examined coping strategies specific to ethnic-racial discrimination among Latino youth. Phinney and Chavira’s results indicated that adolescents used five different strategies to deal with discrimination. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. However, it can also frequently arise in more subtle forms, such as stereotyping, assumptions, or exclusion. When the researchers say brief – they mean brief! eCollection 2019. 2008 Jun;31(3):323-35. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2007.06.003. Epub 2018 Nov 23. Um. This relationship remained in fully adjusted models (60.6±28.0, P<0.05). The Coping Circumplex Model: An Integrative Model of the Structure of Coping With Stress. Dandy J, Durkin K, McEvoy P, Barber BL, Houghton S. J Adolesc. A longitudinal examination of Latino adolescents’ ethnic identity, coping with discrimination, and self-esteem. Engagement strategies were coping with discrimination using resistance and education/advocacy. J Couns Psychol. Psychology, Medicine. McDermott ER, Umaña-Taylor AJ, Zeiders KH. coping with discrimination strategies influence the association between perceived discrimination and mental health outcomes. All researchers have permission to use the 6-item DCSS, with the following citation: To download the DCSS in English, click here. In this study, we examined how engagement and disengagement strategies for coping with discrimination might explain how gendered racism influences psychological distress among 212 African American women enrolled in an institution of higher education. Shapes In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. The Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS) shows promise as a self-report measure of strategies for coping with racial discrimination. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. , Friedman ML, Miller MJ, Ellis MV, friedlander LK, Mikhaylov VG 53 were. 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