[12][further explanation needed] Sun drying is an inexpensive process; however, environmental contamination, insect infections, and microbial deterioration can occur and the resulting raisins are often of low quality. [5], Raisins can contain up to 72% sugars by weight,[6] most of which is fructose and glucose. Raisins are simply dried grapes. Today, most raisins are produced from Thompson seedless grapes. The most common type of raisins are made from Thompson seedless grapes, which are green. In the US, raisins are typically made from the Thompson Seedless variety. [12] However, this diffusion process is very difficult because the grape skin contains wax in its cuticle, which prevents the water from passing through. What are Raisins? This is the natural sun-drying process that turns a grape into a raisin. Currants, also called Zante currants, are made by drying out Black Corinth grapes, which are purple. These grapes are initially green in skin color and darken as they dry, becoming a dense, dark-colored dried fruit containing small seeds and bursting with sweet flavor. Black Corinth or Zante currant are miniature, sometimes seedless[2] raisins that are much darker and have a tart, tangy flavor. [7] Raisins, like prunes and apricots, are also high in certain antioxidants, but have a lower vitamin C content than fresh grapes. A common grape variety used for making raisins are the Thompson seedless. Shocker: Golden Raisins Are Made From the Same Grape Variety as Purple Ones, Transform Weekend Brunch With 10-Minute Blueberry Syrup. Raisin varieties depend on the type of grape used and are made in a variety of sizes and colors including green, black, brown, blue, purple, and yellow. The result is a dark brown, dried fruit that is moist and has a strong flavor. Seedless varieties include the sultana (the common American type is known as Thompson Seedless in the United States), the Greek currants (black corinthian raisins, Vitis vinifera L. var. Golden raisins; Each of these types are made from different grapes with different colors and tastes. It serve as a nutritious alternative to many of today’s chemically processed foods such as chips and crisps. For being so small, raisins are a nutrient-dense food. Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking, and brewing. Raisins are dried grapes, specifically dried white-fleshed grapes. … Raisins are dried white Moscatel grapes. Raisins are traditionally sun-dried, but may also be water-dipped and artificially dehydrated. [18] According to a study published in "Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry", golden raisins have a higher antioxidant capacity than sun-dried black raisins do. Water molecules in the grapes absorb microwave energy resulting in rapid evaporation. When they are dried the result is a dark, dried fruit much like a currant, making it dense in texture and bursting with a sweet flavor. [3], The word "raisin" dates back to Middle English and is a loanword from Old French; in modern French, raisin means "grape", while a dried grape is a raisin sec, or "dry grape". 2) Sultana: Sultanas are made from green seedless grapes. Community Q&A Search. One type of mechanical drying is to use microwave heating. The term "sultana" refers to golden-coloured dried grapes, which may also be called "golden raisins" (such as marketed by Sun-Maid , a California -based raisin grape growers' co-op and legacy brand). Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking, and brewing. They can be placed on a rack to dry without any preparation (other than washing), but blanching them before dehydration softens the skin, making the grapes more tender and amenable to even drying. The sugars provide a good source for carbohydrates. [15], Corinthian raisins are a moderate glycemic index fruit that can be consumed in small amounts even by diabetic patients instead of sweets. Dried grapes are otherwise known as raisins. On a worldwide scale, the most commonly-used grapes to make raisins are the Sultana and Thompson Seedless varieties, both originating from the same type of grape that comes from Turkey. The sugars can crystallise inside the fruit when stored after a long period, making the dry raisins gritty, but that does not affect their usability. [12] The historical method of completing this process was developed in the Mediterranean and Asia Minor areas by using a dry emulsion cold dip made of potassium carbonate and ethyl esters of fatty acids. They are treated with no additive and are high in sugar level. Raisins are low in sodium and contain no cholesterol. [16], Antioxidants in Greek raisins may reduce the risk for malignancies in the stomach and colon.[17]. As a result they shrivel up and lose a large part of their overall weight. Raisins are essentially dried grapes of the “Vitis vinifera” Natural Seedless varietal type and are typically dried by the sun, whether it is on paper trays or dried on the vine. "Golden raisins" are generally dried in dehydrators with controlled temperature and humidity, which allows them to retain a lighter color and more moisture. Sultanas are essentially seedless raisins, made from the same type of grapes. The Old French word, in turn, developed from the Latin word racemus, "a bunch of grapes".[4]. Monukka grapes are used for some of these. Raisins are dried grapes. Raisins are typically made by drying out grapes in the sun and then processing them in a plant. Raisels are golden raisins made from real ingredients (whole fruit) and contain no artificial flavors, colors or sweeteners. Turkey produces the most raisins, followed by California. This might be a redundant statement but it is what I enjoy. Most raisins produced in the United States are made from seven different types of grapes: Thompson Seedless (which are also the most popular green grapes for fresh consumption), Flame Seedless, Muscat, Sultana, and Black Corinth. Grapes are laid on brown craft paper trays between the vineyard rows and allowed to dry in the sun when harvested. These range in color from dark plum to black. It is indeed produced from the sultana variety of grape. The washing process may cause rehydration, so another drying step is completed after washing to ensure that the added moisture has been removed. [13], The three steps to commercial raisin production include pre-treatment, drying, and post-drying processes. It takes about 4 … The main producers of the Moscatel grapes are the … [13], Recently, new methods have been developed such as exposing the grapes to oil emulsions or dilute alkaline solutions. Raisins have a phytochemical known as resveratrol, best known for its cholesterol lowering and anti-cancer qualities.. For this reason, they are often lighter in color than currants. They are often called currants. Sultanas are chiefly produced in Turkey. The most common type of raisins which can be made from grapes of any skin color, their final brown to black hue obtained as they dry. To learn how to make breakfast oats taste like an oatmeal raisin cookie, click here. [12], After the drying process is complete, raisins are sent to processing plants where they are cleaned with water to remove any foreign objects that may have become embedded during the drying process. About 95 percent of all raisins in production (including Sun-Maid’s) are made with a variety of grape called the Thompson Seedless, which is a very light green color (other popular raisin grapes include the Selma Pete and Flame, which are light green as well). This drying process concentrates both the nutrients and sugars present in grapes, making raisins nutrient and calorie-dense. Muscat raisins are large compared to other varieties, and also sweeter. [12] A faster water removal rate decreases the rate of browning and helps to produce more desirable raisins. Golden raisins, which are generally yellow in color, are made from green grapes also, and are treated and processed differently to … Both raisins and sultanas are forms of dried grapes that grow on vines, although they are made using different types of grape varieties. Raisins. And while they certainly look very different from grapes, Bippen says raisins … Advertisement. It also heats up the sugar, causing it to caramelise. The golden ones have been treated with sulfur dioxide. (20 April 2013), Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Types of Raisins: Currants, Golden Seedless, and More", "Nutrition Experts & Dietitians » California Raisins – The Wise Choice", "Raisins And Blood Pressure: A Randomized, Controlled Trial", Journal of the American College of Cardiology, "Nuts & Dried Fruits Global Statistical Review 2015 / 2016, p 66", International Programme on Chemical Safety, "Antimicrobial Phytochemicals in Thompson Seedless Raisins (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raisin&oldid=998311545, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 20:27. They are often treated with sulfur dioxide after drying. Additionally, sun drying is a very slow process and may not produce the most desirable raisins. In the US, most raisins, including those with the typical dark brown colour, are made from the sultana grape, the Thompson Seedless. Made with nothing but grapes and California sunshine, Sun-Maid Raisins’ timeless and trusted goodness has been a classically delicious snack for kids and grown-up kids alike since 1912. Sultanas are typically coated in an oil-based solution prior to drying to speed up the process. These types of nutrients are considered antioxidants. The caramelised sugar makes the raisins taste sweet. A raisin is a dried grape. According to Sunmaid's website, almost all of their raisins—golden and brown alike—are made from green Thompson Seedless grapes, which is the dominant grape variety grown in California. Here is a brief description of these types: 1- Black raisins . The most common type of raisins are made from Thompson seedless grapes, which are green. Sun dried or black raisins are seedless grapes dried in direct sunlight and they are available in dark brown color. Fruit acids such as folic acid and pantothenic acid, which have been shown to promote growth, are also significant components. Setting aside the fact that these white grapes eventually turn purple once dried, how exactly are they turned back into golden raisins? Raisins are packed with nature’s gifts including all essential minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. These golden raisins come in sour, sweet and spicy varieties. To make yellow raisins, the grapes are dipped in warm water and then coated with sulfur dioxide to make sure they stay golden throughout the drying process. Drying red grapes in the sunshine turns them into raisins. THE DAILY MEAL ® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF TRIBUNE PUBLISHING. What will happen if it gets wet? Raisins are composed of important food elements such as sugars, fruit acids, and mineral salts. [12], All steps in the production of raisins are very important in determining the quality of raisins. Apyrena)[2] and Flame grapes. These shriveled, bite-sized morsels of sweetness offer a healthy snack and burst of energy. They also contain about 3% protein and 3.7%–6.8% dietary fiber. [12] Stems and off-grade raisins are also removed. There is a possible chance of mold. Sultanis and sultanas are the names often used to refer to this type of raisins. Raisins are often recommended as a snack for weight control because they help the control of glucose, the good functioning of the digestive system and the regulation of blood pressure. Regular raisins are made from red grapes and golden raisins are made from green grapes. When they’re dried, however, they take on that familiar purplish hue. By definition, the word “sultana” is another name for the Thompson seedless grape, so it can technically refer to basically any standard raisin, no matter the color. Raisins are sweet due to their high concentration of sugars (about 30% fructose and 28% glucose by weight). Both tend to be made from the same type of grape, and both are healthy. These sugar grains can be dissolved by blanching the fruit in hot water or other liquids. Sulfur dioxide also helps to preserve flavor and prevent the loss of certain vitamins during the drying process. These range in color from dark plum to black. [11], Raisins are produced commercially by drying harvested grape berries. In the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, and Australia, the word raisin is reserved for the dark-colored dried large grape, with sultana being a golden-colored dried grape, and currant being a dried small Black Corinth seedless grape. They’re not to be confused with black (or red or white) currants, which are berries that grow on small shrubs. [13] This dip was shown to increase the rate of water loss by two- to three-fold. 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