K eywor ds: co-witness discussion; memory conformity; eyewitness testimony Introduction Co-witnesses ca n influence each other’ s memory reports when discussing a crim inal event And this is where the process of “co-witness conformity” occurs – in other words eyewitnesses are influenced into including things they didn’t actually see in their statements. For example, socially avoidant participants tend to conform less whereas socially anxious participants tend to conform more (Wright et al., 2012, Wright et al., 2010). One of the causes of false testimonies is memory conformity. Keywords: Co-witness , Memory conformity , Misinformation , Eyewitness identification , Photographic line-ups They found that the masculinity levels of co-witnesses negatively correlated with conformity although there were no significant sex differences. of co-witness memory conformity, we do not know why witnesses often report information provided by a co-witness. When eyewitnesses are exposed to misinformation about an event from a co-witness, they often incorporate this misinformation in their recall of the event. Co-witness memory conformity is also influenced by participant characteristics. It was not found that believers in the paranormal were more susceptible than non-believers to memory distortion for a non-paranormal event. False eyewitness testimonies are a problem that affects the lives of many defendants. Co-witness auditory memory conformity following discussion: a misinformation paradigm. Co-witness Conformity Social-cognitive theories indicate that co-witness conformity A common finding for memory conformity research, regardless of procedure or stimuli used, is thatsocial influences encountered in the form of postevent information from a cowitness can mediate accuracy in joint recall and recognition tasks, with individuals often exhibiting conformity to the suggestions and judgments of others. Co-witness discussion -critical view and recommendation to a lawyer about affection on memory accuracy Through different studies “memory conformity” could be investigated as a phenomenon, in which memories of participants were distorted after confederates provided misinformation and thereby influenced the participant’s memories. witness already holds an incorrect recollection of the event, research suggests that exposure to confirmatory misinforma-tion from a co-witness can elicit an increased sense of confi-dence (Allwood et al., 2006; Semmler et al. 2004). Some researchers have attempted to address this issue (e.g., Azad, Lindsay& Brimacombe, 2010; Gabbert et al., 2007; Paterson & Kemp, 2006), however it remains unclear whether the conformity is due to memory distortion or other factors. In Experiment 3, we discounted the possibility that discussion alone could account for the line-up misinformation effect, by subjecting all participants to co-witness discussion. The personality trait, masculinity, did matter, but not the actual biological sex. co-witness reported items of information that could only have been acquired during the course of that discussion. When one witness discusses his or her memory for a past event with another, that information can distort the memories of other witnesses. traits of co-witness pairs along with the gender effect on conformity among co-witness pairs. These results replicate previous findings and demonstrate a robust memory conformity effect. The Power of a Co-witness: When More Power Leads to More Conformity ROLANDO N. CAROL1*, MARIANNA E. CARLUCCI2, ASIA A. EATON1 and DANIEL B. WRIGHT1 1MMC, Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, USA 2Department of Psychology, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, USA Summary: Theeffect ofthepower dynamicbetweenco-witnessesonmemory … Mori K, Kishikawa T. 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